Kashmir is surrounded by some of the highest mountains in the world. From outside, which is from other cities and states of India, the access to the region is provided by the lone National Highway NH1A, few mountain passes, incomplete railway junctions and the international airport located in Srinagar.
So far as roads are concerned, Kashmir is over 300 kms from the Jammu province and about 1000 kms from the capital of India, New Delhi. State transportation company and inter city transportation companies provide the services. Besides public transport companies many private transporters also help in providing the transportation.
Jammu & Kashmir State Road Transportation offers deluxe and sleeper buses from and to Delhi and other nearby states. The schedule however has to be confirmed due to changes in weather and road conditions. It takes about 20 hrs from Delhi and about 10 hrs from Jammu to reach Srinagar. Seats should be booked at least a day before the intended travel schedule.
Private owned air-conditioned and sleeper coaches also provide services from nearby cities and states of Kashmir. For the information of travelers the buses often run late on schedule.
Smaller vehicles, cars and wagons are also available from Delhi, Chandigarh, Himachal Pradesh, Punjab and Jammu province. They provide quicker means of transportation compared to buses.
Uninterrupted railway service is applicable till Udhampur, near Jammu province. The service is also available from Qazigund to Srinagar. Rail is a lesser used mode of transportation and tourists usually board flights or take the road. The services in Kashmir (from Qazigund to Srinagar) have been recently started and may not be convenient.
An international airport is located in Srinagar city. Commercial flights run regularly from different cities and states of India. From the city center, Lal Chowk, the airport is about 8 kms away. Cars are available near the terminal for transfer to hotels and guest houses.
Once you reach Kashmir, commutation is not a problem. Buses and coaches ply on the routes and roads are well connected. Except near Lal Chowk area, the traffic is mild. Cars can be hired at popular taxi stands. Auto rickshaws also help in reaching nearby places.